One sector where technological developments are making a big impact is Material Science, in continuous process improvement based on university research. In a second derivative, it affects the sector where these materials are used, such as the Construction sector.
The aim of improvement in innovative construction materials meets the requirements in sustainability, costs reduction, increasing quality, better mechanical characteristics, flexibility in extreme locations, simple assembly, etc.
Let’s see some successful cases!
Bricks made out of Cigarette Butts
The Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology researchers found a brick fabrication technique which includes 1% cigarette butts. It could compensate the world annual cigarette production and create a lighter and more efficient brick.
It is an innovative tough material with some interesting applications such as shipbuilding industry or medical prosthesis due to its lightness, flexibility, high chemical and mechanical strength and high stiffness.
Nanotechnology in construction materials
Adding nanoparticles to the current materials like concrete or steel improve their characteristics but one special aspect is turning them into “smart” materials, able to measure stress state, deformations or potential failures. An example is “Nano Concrete” (traditional concrete with Fe2O3 nanoparticles).
3D Printed Bricks
If you move to the construction workplace a 3D printer, you could fabricate in-situ ceramic bricks with structural function and customized design. These bricks are fabricated in 15-20 minutes and once hardened it is possible to stack then and create walls, vaults or pillars.
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